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Understanding Virtual LANs น่าจะเป็นประโยชน์นะครับผม

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ออฟไลน์ K.Lithium

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Understanding Virtual LANs

A virtual LAN (VLAN) is a group of hosts or network devices, such as routers (running transparent bridging) and bridges, that forms a single bridging domain. Layer 2 bridging protocols, such as IEEE 802.10 and Inter-Switch Link (ISL), allow a VLAN to exist across a variety of equipment, including LAN switches.

VLANs are formed to group related users regardless of the physical connections of their hosts to the network. The users can be spread across a campus network or even across geographically dispersed locations. A variety of strategies can be used to group users. For example, the users might be grouped according to their department or functional team. In general, the goal is to group users into VLANs so that most of their traffic stays within the VLAN. When you configure VLANs, the network can take advantage of the following benefits:
 Broadcast control-Just as switches physically isolate collision domains for attached hosts and only forward traffic out a particular port, VLANs provide logical collision domains that confine broadcast and multicast traffic to the bridging domain.
 Security-If you do not include a router in a VLAN, no users outside of that VLAN can communicate with the users in the VLAN and vice versa. This extreme level of security can be highly desirable for certain projects and applications.
 Performance-You can assign users that require high-performance networking to their own VLANs. You might, for example, assign an engineer who is testing a multicast application and the servers the engineer uses to a single VLAN. The engineer experiences improved network performance by being on a "dedicated LAN," and the rest of the engineering group experiences improved network performance because the traffic generated by the network-intensive application is isolated to another VLAN.
 Network management-Software on the switch allows you to assign users to VLANs and, later, reassign them to another VLAN. Recabling to change connectivity is no longer necessary in the switched LAN environment because network management tools allow you to reconfigure the LAN logically in seconds.

Figure: Typical VLAN topology shows an example of a switched LAN topology in which VLANs are configured.

 Figure: Typical VLAN topology



In Figure: Typical VLAN topology, a 10-Mbps Ethernet connects the hosts on each floor to Catalyst 5000 LAN switches. 100-Mbps Fast Ethernet connects switches A, B, C, and D to Switch E.




Note Note:  The Catalyst 5000 has five slots in which modules can be installed. The supervisor engine module is always installed in slot 1. The supervisor engine module is the main system processor switch; it provides a console port and two 100-Mbps Fast Ethernet ports. A variety of other modules providing 10-Mbps Ethernet and Fast Ethernet interfaces can be installed in slots 2 through 5. Ports are identified by their slot number and their position, from left to right, on the module. For example, port 2/2 is the second port from the left on the module in slot 2.


 The switches in Figure: Typical VLAN topology communicate with each other using ISL, which is a protocol that maintains VLAN information as traffic flows between the switches. With ISL, an Ethernet frame is encapsulated with a 30-byte header that contains a two-byte VLAN ID.

Figure: Typical VLAN topology shows that VLAN 20 consists of port 4 in slot 2 on Switch A and ports 1 and 3 in slot 4 on Switch B. Frames exchanged between ports 1/4 and 3/4 are switched by Switch B as normal. On Switch B, any frame generated by ports 1/4 and 3/4 that is not destined for ports 1/4 and 3/4 is encapsulated in an ISL header that includes a VLAN 20 identifier and is sent to Switch E. Switch E examines the ISL header and determines that the frame is intended for VLAN 20 and sends the frame out on port 2/2 to Switch A. Switch A examines the ISL header to determine the VLAN for which the frame is destined, removes the header, and switches it to all ports in VLAN 20 (if the frame is broadcast or multicast) or to port 2/4 if the frame is a unicast.

Re: Understanding Virtual LANs น่าจะเป็นประโยชน์นะครับผม
« ตอบกลับ #1 เมื่อ: 27 กันยายน 2013, 15:11:24 »
thanks ;D